Endothelial Cells (Microvascular)

The walls of capillaries are composed of a single layer of microvascular endothelial cells. This layer is so thin that molecules such as oxygen, water, and lipids can pass through it by diffusion and enter the surrounding tissues. Waste products such as carbon dioxide and urea, on the other hand, diffuse back into the blood to be carried away. Because of their location as the interface between the circulating fluid in the lumen and the surrounding tissue, microvascular endothelial cells are highly active and closely involved in numerous physiological processes.

Microvascular endothelial cells differ in morphologies and properties according to the tissues supplied by the capillaries. Therefore, PromoCell microvascular endothelial cells are available from dermal, lung, cardiac and uterine tissues.

Available endothelial cell types (microvascular):